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101-b-t-ch-c-ki-u-m-ller-la-gi [2018/11/07 17:13] (current)
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 +<​HTML>​ <​br><​div id="​mw-content-text"​ lang="​vi"​ dir="​ltr"><​div class="​mw-parser-output"><​div class="​thumb tright"><​div class="​thumbinner"​ style="​width:​222px;"><​img alt=""​ src="​http://​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​vi/​thumb/​3/​3f/​Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG/​220px-Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG"​ width="​220"​ height="​187"​ class="​thumbimage"​ srcset="//​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​vi/​thumb/​3/​3f/​Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG/​330px-Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG 1.5x, //​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​vi/​thumb/​3/​3f/​Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG/​440px-Erbessa_mimica%28top%29_Josia_oribia%28bottom%29.JPG 2x" data-file-width="​603"​ data-file-height="​512"/> ​ <div class="​thumbcaption">​Erbessa mimica (trên) và Josia oribia (dưới) cùng độc hại và cùng giống nhau. Đây là một trường họp bắt chước kiểu Müller</​div></​div></​div>​
 +<​p><​b>​Bắt chước kiểu Müller</​b>​ là một hiện tượng tự nhiên trong đó hai sinh vật nguy hiểm hay độc hại bắt chước lẩn nhau để de dọa hay cảnh cáo những động vật nào muốn ăn chúng. Khác với bắt chước kiểu Bates, ở đây cả hai loài động vật đều độc hai. Do hai loài giống nhau nên có lợi cho cả hai, khi một sinh vật ăn thịt một con thì nó nhận thức ra rằng nên tránh luôn con kia. Loại bắt chước này được miêu tả và đề xướng bởi Fritz Müller năm 1878.<​sup id="​cite_ref-1"​ class="​reference">​[1]</​sup><​sup id="​cite_ref-2"​ class="​reference">​[2]</​sup></​p>​
  
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 +<​h2><​span id="​Ph.E1.BB.91i_h.E1.BB.A3p_b.E1.BA.AFt_ch.C6.B0.E1.BB.9Bc_ki.E1.BB.83u_M.C3.BCller"/><​span class="​mw-headline"​ id="​Phối_hợp_bắt_chước_kiểu_Müller">​Phối hợp bắt chước kiểu Müller</​span><​span class="​mw-editsection"><​span class="​mw-editsection-bracket">​[</​span>​sửa<​span class="​mw-editsection-divider">​ | </​span>​sửa mã nguồn<​span class="​mw-editsection-bracket">​]</​span></​span></​h2>​
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 +<ul class="​gallery mw-gallery-traditional"><​li class="​gallerybox"​ style="​width:​ 155px"><​div style="​width:​ 155px">​
 + <div class="​thumb"​ style="​width:​ 150px;"><​div style="​margin:​15px auto;"><​img alt="​Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg"​ src="​http://​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​5/​59/​Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg/​93px-Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg"​ width="​93"​ height="​120"​ srcset="//​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​5/​59/​Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg/​140px-Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg 1.5x, //​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​5/​59/​Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg/​187px-Fritz-muller-1821-1897.jpg 2x" data-file-width="​367"​ data-file-height="​471"/></​div></​div>​
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 + </​div></​li>​
 + <li class="​gallerybox"​ style="​width:​ 155px"><​div style="​width:​ 155px">​
 + <div class="​thumb"​ style="​width:​ 150px;"><​div style="​margin:​15px auto;"><​img alt="​BatesMimButter.JPG"​ src="​http://​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​6/​63/​BatesMimButter.JPG/​89px-BatesMimButter.JPG"​ width="​89"​ height="​120"​ srcset="//​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​6/​63/​BatesMimButter.JPG/​133px-BatesMimButter.JPG 1.5x, //​upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​thumb/​6/​63/​BatesMimButter.JPG/​177px-BatesMimButter.JPG 2x" data-file-width="​300"​ data-file-height="​406"/></​div></​div>​
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 + </​div></​li>​
 +</ul>
 +
 +<div class="​reflist"​ style="​list-style-type:​ decimal;">​
 +<ol class="​references"><​li id="​cite_note-1"><​b>​^</​b>​ <span class="​reference-text"><​span class="​citation journal">​Müller,​ Fritz (1878). “Ueber die Vortheile der Mimicry bei Schmetterlingen”. <​i>​Zoologischer Anzeiger</​i>​ <​b>​1</​b>:​ 54–55.</​span><​span title="​ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&​amp;​rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fvi.wikipedia.org%3AB%E1%BA%AFt+ch%C6%B0%E1%BB%9Bc+ki%E1%BB%83u+M%C3%BCller&​amp;​rft.atitle=Ueber+die+Vortheile+der+Mimicry+bei+Schmetterlingen&​amp;​rft.au=M%C3%BCller%2C+Fritz&​amp;​rft.aufirst=Fritz&​amp;​rft.aulast=M%C3%BCller&​amp;​rft.date=1878&​amp;​rft.genre=article&​amp;​rft.jtitle=Zoologischer+Anzeiger&​amp;​rft.pages=54-55&​amp;​rft.volume=1&​amp;​rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal"​ class="​Z3988"><​span style="​display:​none;">​ </​span></​span></​span>​
 +</li>
 +<li id="​cite_note-2"><​b>​^</​b>​ <span class="​reference-text"><​span class="​citation journal">​Müller,​ F. (1879). “Ituna<​i>​ and </​i>​Thyridia<​i>;​ a remarkable case of mimicry in butterflies. (R. Meldola translation)”. </​i>​Proclamations of the Entomological Society of London<​i>​ <​b>​1879</​b>:​ 20–29.</​i></​span><​i><​span title="​ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&​amp;​rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fvi.wikipedia.org%3AB%E1%BA%AFt+ch%C6%B0%E1%BB%9Bc+ki%E1%BB%83u+M%C3%BCller&​amp;​rft.atitle=Ituna+and+Thyridia%3B+a+remarkable+case+of+mimicry+in+butterflies.+%28R.+Meldola+translation%29&​amp;​rft.au=M%C3%BCller%2C+F.&​amp;​rft.aufirst=F.&​amp;​rft.aulast=M%C3%BCller&​amp;​rft.date=1879&​amp;​rft.genre=article&​amp;​rft.jtitle=Proclamations+of+the+Entomological+Society+of+London&​amp;​rft.pages=20-29&​amp;​rft.volume=1879&​amp;​rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal"​ class="​Z3988"><​span style="​display:​none;">​ </​span></​span></​i></​span>​
 +</li>
 +</​ol></​div>​
 +
 +<​ul><​li>​Wickler,​ W. (1968) <​i>​Mimicry in Plants and Animals</​i>​ (Translated from the German) McGraw-Hill,​ New York. ISBN 0-07-070100-8 Especially chapters 7 and 8.</​li>​
 +<​li>​Ruxton,​ G. D.; Speed, M. P.; Sherratt, T. N. (2004). <​i>​Avoiding Attack. The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry</​i>​. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852860-4 Chapter 9 and 11 provide an overview of current understanding</​li></​ul>​
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101-b-t-ch-c-ki-u-m-ller-la-gi.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/07 17:13 (external edit)